New York University (NYU) is a private, nonsectarian American research university based in New York City. Founded in 1831, NYU is one of the largest private non-profit institutions of American higher education.University rankings compiled by U.S. News and World Report, Times Higher Educationand the Academic Ranking of World Universities all rank NYU among the top 34 universities in the world.NYU is organized into more than twenty schools, colleges, and institutes, located in six centers throughout Manhattan and Downtown Brooklyn. NYU's main campus is located at Greenwich Village in Lower Manhattan with institutes and centers on the Upper East Side, academic buildings and dorms down on Wall Street, and the Brooklyn campus located at MetroTech Center in Downtown Brooklyn. The University also established NYU Abu Dhabi, NYU Shanghai and maintains 11 other Global Academic Centers in Accra, Berlin, Buenos Aires, Florence, London, Madrid, Paris, Prague, Sydney, Tel Aviv and Washington, D.C.
NYU was elected to the Association of American Universities in 1950.NYU counts thirty-six Nobel Prize winners, four Abel Prize winners, four Turing Award winners, four Fields Medal winners, over thirty National Medals for Science, Technology and Innovation, Arts and Humanities recipients, over thirtyPulitzer Prize winners, over thirty Academy Award winners, as well as several Russ Prize, Gordon Prize and Draper Prize winners, and dozens of Emmy,Grammy, and Tony Award winners among its faculty and alumni. NYU also has many MacArthur and Guggenheim Fellowship holders as well as hundreds ofNational Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering and American Academy of Arts and Sciences members, and a plethora of members of the United States Congress and heads of state of countries all over the world, among its past and present graduates and faculty. The alumni of NYU are among the wealthiest in the world, and include seventeen living billionaires